2013 Melva J. Dwyer Award Winner/ lauréat du prix Melva J. Dwyer

The Melva J. Dwyer Award committee received 15 nominations this year representing a diverse range of subjects on Canadian art, architecture and design; we were all pleased to view such a dynamic array of publications chronicling our national artistic and cultural heritage.  One title, however, stood out as truly representing an “exceptional reference or research tool relating to Canadian art and architecture”

ARLIS/NA Canada is pleased to confer the 2013 Melva J. Dwyer Award to IAIN BAXTER&: Works 1958–2011; a publication that accompanied an international exhibition held at the Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago and the Art Gallery of Ontario. Featuring more than 160 reproductions, it also includes essays by the exhibition co-curators David Moos  and Michael Darling, as well as contributions by Lucy Lippard among others. A noteworthy feature is the comprehensive bibliography compiled by ARLIS/NA member Adam Lauder of York University.

The integrity of the critical essays, high quality art reproductions, academically sound citations, rigorous indexing, innovative nature of the publication’s “Narrative Chronology,” and authoritative bibliography all make this a publication of unique value for researchers in Canada and beyond.

The 2013 jurors included:

  • Adrienne Connelly, Librarian, Alberta College of Art + Design
  • Élise Lassonde, Bibliothécaire, Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
  • Linda Morita, Librarian/Archivist, McMichael Canadian Art Collection

A motivating rationale for the jury was how clearly the publication chronicles BAXTER&’s unique oeuvre, placing the artist as a prescient pioneer of relational aesthetics and other 21st century movements that strive to open a democratic dialogue over the art market, value theory, curatorial control and power paradigms embedded in aesthetics overall.

These philosophical goals are nothing new to BAXTER& as, for over 50 years, he has radically redefined the role of the artist and purposely defied the limitations of medium by effortlessly integrating  painting, drawing,  photography, installation, sculpture, and performative aspects into his work.

 Despite the provocative nature of this re-signification of the role of the artist; BAXTER&’s creative process is never confrontational but, instead, is nourished by empathy, concern, playfulness, humour  and is always founded in an unwavering sense of collegiality with his audience

 This collaborative ethos has led to a particular sense of play in how he represents himself to the world: he has worked under various monikers throughout his career, including N.E. Thing Co., a corporate-style organization in which he served as co-president.  In this guise, he blurred the two solitudes of private vs. public with an astoundingly creative number of initiatives including sponsoring a youth hockey team, hosting a game of “Monopoly with Real Money” played in a Toronto Dominion banking hall and being hired by Labatt’s Brewing Company in 1981 as a creative consultant “artist in residence.”  His own name has metamorphosed over the decades: often he is known as “McCoolman,” but always “the &man.” Since 1983, he has joined forces with Mrs. &man, artist Louise Chance.  As the ultimate example of his collective spirit: his online catalogue rasionnE is NOT a linear, chronological representation of only HIS works, but instead encourages a cacophonous “piling on” of artworks by welcoming user-generated content.  This open source approach to his name became formalized in 2005 when he legally added an ampersand to his surname.

The ampersand, in fact, has been a recurring symbol throughout his oeuvre, which, for librarians well-versed in Boolean searching techniques, gives him an especial position of fondness and esteem. Although in practice, this fluidity in self-identification leads to perplexing cataloguing gymnastics in maintaining name authorities. I might add that the Getty’s Union List of Artist Names still lists the artist FORMERLY KNOWN AS Iain Baxter!!   But in an ironic turn, librarians are essentially unable to recognize his new identity: to use the ampersand in a library catalogue search yields an error message due to “an unexpected end of clause,” a situation that I’m sure would delight the &man!

In closing, I will let David Moos explain the enduring nature of the artist’s work:  “BAXTER&’s thinking resonates today because his willingness to experiment remains undiminished…It is here, between originality and the familiar, that one finds BAXTER&, raising our awareness that art is an experiment—an embrace [that] one must experience.”

Presented on Sunday 28 April 2013 at the ARLIS/NA 41st annual conference Convocation, Pasadena Civic Auditorium by:

Daniel Payne, Canadian Member-at-Large (2012 – 14)
Head, Instructional Services,
Dorothy H. Hoover Library, OCAD University


BAXTER&, IAIN. “artist’s message.”  IAINBAXTER&raisonnE…York University Libraries: Clara Thomas Archives & Special Collections online exhibits. Web. http://archives.library.yorku.ca/iain_baxterand_raisonne/archive/files/b…

Bourriaud, Nicolas. Relational Aesthetics, trans. Simon Pleasance, Fronza Woods and Mathieu Copeland. Dijon: Les presses du réel, 2002. Print.

Canadian Art. “Iain Baxter&: Ampersand, Mon Amour.” Canadian Art Magazine (6 Nov. 2008). Web http://www.canadianart.ca/see-it/2008/11/06/iain-baxter/  

“Iain BAXTER&.” The Centre for Contemporary Canadian Art. Web. http://ccca.concordia.ca/

“IAIN BAXTER&: Works 1958-2011 (March 3 – August 12, 2012).”  Art Gallery of Ontario. Web http://www.ago.net/theandman

IAINBAXTER&raisonnE … l i v E … & … the&MAN. Web Blog. http://andraisonne.blogspot.ca/ 

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